Wisconsin Card Sorting Test
As psychiatrists, we often use the MMSE to screen for cognitive dysfunction. The problem with the MMSE is that it does not assess frontal lobe functions. To assess those function we must turn to other instruments. Today I explain the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. This information is pertinent for the Psychiatry Part 1 exam, the Geriatric Certifying and MOC exam, and to a lesser extent the CAP Part 1 and MOC exams.
Trauma Focused CBT Explained
Trauma Focused CBT is a form of CBT prescribed for patients who have undergone trauma. It is used in children, adolescents, and adults. It is a high yield topic for the Psychiatry Part 1 and the CAP Part 1 board exams. It may also find its way onto the Addiction Psychiatry exam, since so many individuals with substance use disorders have been victims of trauma. Here I focus on the essentials of Tf-CBT for children and adolescents.
Simple Assessment of Cognitive Impairment
Interviewing a Patient with Possible Cognitive Impairment
The first step is to realize that assessing cognitive impairment is just like assessing any other area of psychopathology. The implications of this are that if you notice that your patient has cognitive symptoms you should fairly quickly move to assess them.